Privacy Policy

This webpage provides information on how the U.S. Copyright Office collects personal information from its patrons and on the public availability of that personal information. The authority for requesting any information related to Copyright Office services is title 17 of the United States Code. For more information on the public’s rights under the Privacy Act, see the text of the Privacy Act of 1974, and the Copyright Office’s Privacy Act regulations.

You may need to submit personal information if you use certain features of the Copyright Office website, such as registering your copyright online and submitting your comments on a rulemaking. The Copyright Office will inform the user regarding the information it requires and will only use this information for the stated purpose(s), such as administering the national registration system or evaluating the merits of a proposed rule. The information is almost always made available for public inspection and copying. By providing the information, a user is giving consent to the Office to use the information for the stated purpose; if the user does not provide the information, some features of the website will not be available to the user.

Your submission of personal information is voluntary. When you voluntarily submit information by means of an electronic or paper copyright registration form or when you submit documents for recordation, comments on a rulemaking, or other forms or documents, you consent to the use of your information for the purpose(s) stated in connection with that form or proceeding.

Information Collected and Stored Automatically

Protecting a user’s personal information and privacy are important to the U.S. Copyright Office. The Copyright Office collects, uses, and shares information obtained from online visitors only in certain ways, which include:

  • Collecting personal information that users voluntarily provide
  • Using the personal information users provide for its intended purpose
  • Disclosing personal information to a government agency if required by law
  • Disclosing personal information to contractors or associates (who follow the Copyright Office’s privacy policy or prominently display their own privacy policy) to carry out a user’s requests

Additionally, the Copyright Office has implemented safeguards to protect any information collected.

Use of Cookies and Tracking Technology

“Cookies” are small files that a website transfers to a user’s computer to allow the site to remember specific information. If a user does not want cookies to be transferred to his or her computer, that user may choose to opt out of their use by modifying browser options. While a user will still be able to access most features of the Copyright Office’s websites, certain features may not work as well or may be unavailable to that user.

The Office of Management and Budget’s (OMB) publication, titled Guidance for Online Use of Web Measurement and Customization Technologies (M-10-22), provides guidance to agencies regarding the use of cookies and tracking technology. The Copyright Office uses commercial software products to analyze and report on aggregated web metrics data. This data is generally retained indefinitely to support the mission of the Copyright Office’s website. The Copyright Office uses three types of information-collecting tools on its various websites: session cookies, persistent cookies, and other customization tools.
Session Cookies The Copyright Office uses session cookies on its website for technical purposes such as to enable a user to more easily navigate the Copyright Office’s webpages. Session cookies only collect nonpersonally identifiable data, and once a user closes his or her browser, the cookies disappear.
Persistent Cookies Persistent cookies store information on a user’s computer for longer periods of time than session cookies, and the information is stored across multiple sessions. The Copyright Office never uses persistent cookies to collect personally identifiable information about its website visitors. The Copyright Office does use persistent cookies to improve its web metrics by distinguishing between new and returning visitors; to prevent repeated prompting to complete its customer satisfaction survey; to aggregate data anonymously on how visitors use its sites; and to “remember” preferences that users provide voluntarily.
Customization tools Customization tools allow users to voluntarily provide information to personalize and improve their online experience on a particular Copyright Office webpage and site. This information is saved on the Copyright Office’s servers.


Any personally identifiable information contained in an email is used by the Copyright Office for no other purpose than to provide requested information to the individual who emailed the request. Emails sent to the U.S. Copyright Office by the public are kept according to the length of time specified in the Copyright Office’s records retention schedule, developed in cooperation with the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). The Copyright Office only shares the information that a user provides with another government agency if the user’s information relates to that agency or as otherwise required by law. The Copyright Office does not store any personally identifiable information independent of the email message, create individual profiles with the information provided in an email, or give it to any private organizations.

Comments and Petitions Submitted in Connection with Copyright Office Proceedings and Rulemakings

For reasons of government efficiency, the Copyright Office is using the system for the submission and posting of public comments. All comments are submitted electronically through and hosted on The Copyright Office links to from its website. Any information that is included in the comment box and/or an uploaded comment or petition may be made available on Commenters and participants should keep in mind that any private, confidential, or personally identifiable information appearing in their comment or petition will be accessible by the public for inspection and copying.

Pages for Children

Though not directed at children, the Copyright Office’s online copyright registration system (“Electronic Copyright Office” or “eCO”) may be used by children under the age of 13. All eCO users are advised that the submission of personal information on a registration application is voluntary and that any information provided becomes available to the public. Extraneous personally identifiable information (i.e., information neither requested nor required on a copyright registration application), such as Social Security numbers, will be removed from both the Office’s online and offline registration records, on the Office’s own volition or upon request. The Copyright Office will also, under certain circumstances, remove or replace requested information such as home addresses and phone numbers, from its online registration records. For more information see Copyright Records below, and visit Privacy: Copyright Public Records, and the Removal of Personally Identifiable Information from Registration Records.

Privacy Act Systems of Records

The Privacy Act of 1974 requires that the U.S. Copyright Office maintain a list of the systems of records it keeps, together with descriptions of the records kept in those systems and methods the public may use to access information in the systems. The most up-to-date version of the systems of records was published in September 1998 and amended in October 1999. This updated list reflects changes, additions, and deletions of records maintained by the Office since the last publication of its systems of records notice, which occurred in August 1993. See the complete list of Copyright Office System of Records:

The U.S. Copyright Office is required under 17 U.S.C. §§ 705(a) – (b) to maintain records of copyright registrations and to make them available for public inspection. Once a registration is completed and a claim has been cataloged, it becomes part of the public record. Individuals are able to come to the Office to inspect and copy its public records or to request copies and search reports of records mailed to them. Information on registration records since 1978 is also available on the Copyright Office’s website.

When an author or copyright owner registers a copyright claim with the Copyright Office, that registration creates a public record of that copyright claim. Extraneous personal information (i.e., personal information neither requested nor required on a copyright registration application, such as a Social Security number), will be removed from the Copyright Office’s public records either during the examination process or upon request after registration. And under certain circumstances, authors and claimants, or their authorized representatives may request the replacement or removal of certain personally identifiable information that is requested by the Office and collected on a registration application, such as names, home addresses and phone numbers, in or from the Office’s internet-accessible public catalog, but such information will be retained in the Office’s offline records as required by law. All information provided in connection with a copyright registration application will be made available for public inspection and copying, and some of the information from that application will be made available in the Copyright Office’s online Public Catalog. Photocopies of recorded documents and related records are imaged and made available for public inspection and copying.

Keeping Personally Identifiable Information out of the Public Record

All information provided on the application for registration will become a permanent part of the public record of the U.S. Copyright Office, and some of that information will be made available online through the Copyright Office’s website, including the name and address of the copyright claimant. To avoid the dissemination of a personal home address, applicants should consider using a post office box or third-party address (such as in care of a corporation). Any information provided in the rights and permissions section of the application will also be made available online, but providing rights and permissions information is optional. Applicants who want to include rights and permissions information but who do not want to provide personal details can use third-party agents, post office boxes, or designated email accounts. If someone else submits an application on behalf of an applicant, it is still the applicant’s responsibility (or the parent’s responsibility if the applicant is under the age of 13) to ensure that information that he or she wants to keep out of the public record is omitted. In certain cases, it may be permissible to register a claim in a work either anonymously or pseudonymously (under a fictitious name). Other categories of information in copyright applications that may be made available online include the following: type of work, registration number, title of the work, author, authorship, preexisting material date of creation, date of publication.

Copyright Records Appearing in Search Engines

Because a copyright registration is a public record, others can access it and may create alternative means to make the information in it more widely available. The U.S. Copyright Office is not responsible for the form or the substance of third-party redistribution of the Copyright Office’s records.

Terms of Use for USPTO websites

ISO 17065 — Valid vegan certification for the world market, recognized by foreign certification bodies, and accredited by national and international institutions. The BeVeg vegan certification standard has an expressed scope aimed to satisfy the vegan consumer of products and services.

ISO 17067 — Valid vegan certification conformity assessment program for the world market, recognized by foreign certification bodies, and accredited by national and international institutions. The BeVeg certification scheme has paved the one for a singular global conformity program for vegan claims for consumer products and services.

Report Trademark Violations

At BeVeg International, we take cases of Trademark misuse very seriously as we pride ourselves in being the international gold standard in vegan labeling. Though we work hard to protect the integrity of our Trademark, we rely on the vigilance of our members and supporters acting as our eyes and ears on the ground. If you discover any misuse of the BeVeg Vegan Trademark, please help bring it to our attention using the form below or send us the product details at

Trademark Violation Alerts

This webpage is intended to keep consumers aware of important safety alerts regarding BeVeg vegan certified products and products that are incorrectly bearing the BeVeg vegan logo. BeVeg reserves the right to withdraw the certification of any company whose vegan certified products appear on this page more than once.

The information on this page is current to the best of BeVeg’s knowledge, but may not be an up-to-date list of all incidents that may occur in the marketplace. Again, if you have questions or concerns about a specific product, you should contact BeVeg directly. You may also report vegan trademark abuses here any time. Our goal is to protect the consumer and ensure truth in labeling. Below you can find a list of companies misusing the BeVeg Vegan Trademark. No Reports found.


These Terms of Use apply to United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) websites, applications, software, and services (collectively, “Services”) that are intended for public use on the domain, and to USPTO-branded mobile

applications and social media presences, except where superseded or modified by a separate agreement. Any separate service agreements will accompany the applicable Services or be clearly noted.


USPTO may revise and update these Terms of Use as necessary to clarify or improve Services.

Linking policy
Links from USPTO to other websites

The USPTO provides limited external links as a service to our visitors. When you select a link to an external website, you leave the site and are subject to the privacy and security policies of the external website. USPTO makes use of some third-party sites to provide access to official information that is otherwise available directly from USPTO, and continually reviews these and other external links to assess their ongoing value to the public. Please note, however, that the USPTO:

  1. Does not control or guarantee the accuracy, relevance, timeliness or completeness of information contained on a linked external website;
  2. Does not endorse the organizations sponsoring linked websites or the views they express or the products and services they offer;
  3. Cannot and does not authorize the use of copyrighted materials found in linked websites (you must request authorization from the sponsor of the linked websites if you wish to use copyrighted materials from those sites – see the Copyright Information section for general guidance);
  4. Is not responsible for transmissions you may receive from external websites; and
  5. Does not guarantee that external websites comply with Section 508 (Accessibility Requirements) of the Rehabilitation Act.

Links from other websites to

The USPTO does not engage in reciprocal linking arrangements. If you create a link to a USPTO website, you must do so in a manner that does not imply any affiliation with or endorsement by the USPTO for your enterprise or websites. See the Copyright Information and Editorial Guidance sections for additional information. In addition, please be aware that:

  • USPTO websites are not archival; links may change and material may be removed without warning;
  • Because deep links to pages on USPTO websites may bypass critical instructions and notices to customers, you should take care to link to

content’s parent page(s) where relevant notices and instructions may

appear; and
• The USPTO strongly encourages archival or permanent links to the USPTO

home page only.
Blogs, collaboration, and comment policy

The USPTO makes use of certain social media capabilities that permit informal, collaborative communications in a public forum. Participants who engage in such communications are expected to treat each other, as well as our agency and our employees, with respect, and are advised that:

  1. The use of vulgar, offensive, threatening or harassing language is prohibited.
  2. Comments should be related to the posted topic.
  3. Comments that make unsupported claims or accusations are not appropriate.
  4. Comments pertaining to the promotion or advertisement of a business or commercial transaction are not appropriate.
  5. Comments promoting or opposing any person campaigning for election to a political office or promoting or opposing any ballot proposition are prohibited.
  6. A comment should not be attributed to anyone other than the individual making the post, nor be presented in a way that is misleading about its origin.
  7. Comments made in a public forum on any USPTO website are considered to be public information.
  8. Comments that relate to pending applications for patents or trademarks are not appropriate for public forums.
  9. Communications made through social media sites will in no way constitute a legal or official notice or comment to the USPTO or any official or employee of the USPTO for any purpose.
  10. All comments are subject to review and removal if they fail to conform to the policy at any time.

Blogs on the USPTO websites represent official government communications, and are managed and moderated by the Office of Chief Communications Officer. The USPTO will not post blog comments that do not conform to the policy, and will not edit or alter individual blog comments to make them conform to policy.

On USPTO’s third party sites and social media channels (e.g., Twitter or Facebook), comments are reviewed and moderated following posts. Comments which do not comply with the stated policy are not allowed, and may be removed or withheld. USPTO reserves the right to use features that may restrict the ability of users who repeatedly violate the commenting policy, including limiting their ability to comment or reporting their comments as spam.

Any references to commercial entities, products, services, or other

nongovernmental organizations or individuals that are allowed are provided solely for the information of individuals using the site. These references are not intended to reflect the opinion of USPTO, the United States, or its officers or employees concerning the significance, priority, or importance to be given the referenced entity, product, service, or organization. Such references are not an official or personal endorsement of any product, person, or service, and may not be quoted or reproduced for the purpose of stating or implying USPTO endorsement or approval of any product, person, or service.

This policy is subject to amendment or modification at any time to ensure blogs, collaboration, and comments on the USPTO website are managed in a manner consistent with the intended purpose of the public forum.

Copyright information

Pursuant to federal law, most government-produced materials appearing on this website are not subject to copyright restrictions within the United States and are therefore in the public domain. Public domain information may be freely distributed and copied, but it is requested that in any subsequent use the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) be given appropriate acknowledgement (e.g., “Source: United States Patent and Trademark Office,”). The USPTO reserves the right to assert copyright protection internationally.

WARNING: Not all materials on the USPTO website are works of the U.S. government. When using USPTO websites, you may encounter documents, illustrations, photographs, or other informational resources contributed or licensed by private individuals, companies, or organizations that may be protected by U.S. and foreign copyright laws. Transmission or reproduction of protected items beyond that allowed by fair use as defined in the copyright laws, requires the written permission of the copyright owners. The USPTO is unable to grant or deny permission for any materials that may be posted on its website for which the copyright is owned by a third party. Should you need copyright permission, you are solely responsible for contacting the copyright owner directly.

Please contact us regarding copyright status before publishing, distributing, or reselling any documents having outside authorship or any images contained on the webpages for this site. For additional information about copyright restrictions on U.S. government works, please see guidance posted on . See also the Editorial Guidance section of this page regarding references

to materials obtained from websites, including special considerations for patents and trademarks.

Use of USPTO seal and logo

The USPTO does not authorize the use of either its seal or logo on any other websites, except where the agency maintains an official presence on that site.

Account management

USPTO websites provide access to a rich collection of information and services, including communications, forums, online filing for patents and trademarks, fee handling, data, and search. While published information is freely provided, some features may require that you log in with a dedicated account in order to access personalized content and transactions. When you complete the registration process to obtain an account, you will receive an account and password. You are responsible for maintaining the confidentiality of your account information, and for all activities that occur under your account, including any information data, software, or other materials that you may post or upload. Each practitioner will be responsible for verifying the identity of the person using any sponsored support staff account. For information on your identity verification responsibilities, please refer to the Patent Electronic System Access Document. You must log off from your account at the end of each session and must immediately notify USPTO of any unauthorized use of your account information or any other breach of security; USPTO is not liable for any loss or damage arising from your failure to perform these actions. Users accessing EFS-Web, PAIR, and Patent Center must abide by the Patent Electronic System Subscriber Agreement and PKI Subscribers Agreement. See the USPTO Privacy Policy for other important details about safeguarding your personal data.

You may terminate or deactivate your USPTO account and related access to USPTO services by submitting a termination request to USPTO. In addition, USPTO may, without prior notice, terminate, deactivate, limit your access to, or suspend your USPTO account, and related access to certain USPTO services. Cause for such action by USPTO shall include, but not be limited to, (a) breaches or violations of the Terms of Use or other incorporated agreements or guidelines, (b) requests by law enforcement or other government agencies, (c) discontinuance or material modification to the USPTO services (or any part thereof), (d) unexpected technical or security issues or problems, (e) extended periods of inactivity, (f) engagement by you in fraudulent or illegal activities, (g) nonpayment of any fees owed by you in connection with the USPTO services, and/ or (h) sharing of accounts and/or account passwords when they are intended for the sole use by the customer who registers for the account). Further, you agree that all terminations, limitations of access and suspensions for cause shall be made in USPTO’s sole discretion and that USPTO shall not be liable to you or any third party for any termination or deactivation of your account or related access to the USPTO services.


This is a USPTO computer system, which may be accessed and used only for official Government business by authorized personnel. Unauthorized access, actions, use, modification, or disclosure of the data contained herein or in transit to/from this system constitutes a violation of the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act, Pub. L. No. 99-474, codified at 18 U.S.C. §1030, state criminal and civil laws, and may subject violators to criminal, civil, and/or administrative action and penalties. Unauthorized use or actions exceeding authorized use of USPTO systems will be investigated, and, when appropriate, official sanctions will be imposed. All data contained on USPTO computer systems is owned by the USPTO, and may be monitored, intercepted, recorded, read, copied, captured, and disclosed in any manner by authorized personnel. THERE IS NO RIGHT OF PRIVACY IN THIS SYSTEM. System personnel may give to law enforcement officials, for investigation and prosecution, any potential evidence of crime found on USPTO computer systems. USE OF THIS SYSTEM BY ANY USER, AUTHORIZED OR UNAUTHORIZED, CONSTITUTES CONSENT TO THIS MONITORING, INTERCEPTION, RECORDING, READING, COPYING, CAPTURING, AND DISCLOSURE.

The USPTO uses HTTPS protocol and other forms of data encryption when necessary to protect sensitive data such as financial account information.

For website security and to ensure that USPTO Web services remain available to the general public, the USPTO monitors network traffic to identify unauthorized attempts to upload or change information, deny service, otherwise cause damage or access non-public information. Unauthorized attempts to upload information or change information are strictly prohibited and may be punishable under the United States criminal code (18 U.S.C. § 1030). Information regarding possible violations of law may be provided to law enforcement officials.

This information system may contain Controlled Unclassified Information (CUI) that is subject to safeguarding or dissemination controls in accordance with law, regulation, or government-wide policy. Any activity or operation, whether generated automatically or manually, that results in or has the potential to result in denial or decrease of service for other customers may be denied access to Web resources without notice. If you believe your IP address may have been blocked, you may contact the Webmaster for instructions.

Use of USPTO databases

USPTO’s online databases are not designed or intended to be a source for bulk downloads of USPTO data when accessed through the website’s interfaces. Individuals, companies, IP addresses, or blocks of IP addresses who, in effect, deny or decrease service by generating unusually high numbers of database accesses (searches, pages, or hits), whether generated manually or in an

automated fashion, may be denied access to USPTO servers without notice.

Bulk data products may be separately obtained from the USPTO, either for free or at the cost of dissemination. For details, see information on Electronic Bulk Data Products.

>> Terms of Use Statement for PAIR databases Editorial guidance
Proper citation

It is considered a good practice, both academically and editorially, to properly credit the source of any materials not authored by you. Subject to other terms described on this page, you may cite materials obtained from websites using any or all of the following:

  1. The United States Patent and Trademark Office
  3. [system ID][specific Web page address]; for example,

Patent information

Patents are published as part of the terms of granting the patent to the inventor. Subject to limited exceptions reflected in 37 CFR 1.71(d) & (e) and 1.84(s), the text and drawings of a patent are typically not subject to copyright restrictions. The inventors’ rights to exclude others from making, using, offering for sale, or selling the invention throughout the United States or importing the invention into the United States for a limited time is not compromised by the publication of the description of the invention. In other words, the fact that a patent’s description may have been published without copyright restrictions does not give you permission to manufacture or use the invention without permission from the inventor during the active life of the patent. See MPEP § 600 –

608.01(v) regarding the right to include a copyright or mask work notice in patents.

Trademark information

Trademark images are published by the USPTO for public information dissemination purposes in accordance with the law. If you wish to use a trademark obtained from our records, you must do so in accordance with the individual licensing policies of the marks’ owners. The USPTO will not assist in contacting trademark owners or arranging and managing licensing agreements.

CAUTION: There are instances where trademarks may be embedded in patents as part of the drawing, particularly for design patents. There are also instances

where a portion of the text or drawings of a patent may be under copyright. You should consult an attorney regarding these potential trademark and copyright issues. The USPTO will not assist in determining if a potential trademark issue or copyright issue exists for a particular patent.


Instances of abusive, harassing, or otherwise unacceptable behavior may be reported by contacting the project team at All complaints will be reviewed and investigated and will result in a response that is deemed necessary and appropriate to the circumstances. The project team is obligated to maintain confidentiality with regard to the reporter of an incident. Further details of specific enforcement policies may be posted separately.

Project maintainers who do not follow or enforce the Code of Conduct in good faith may face temporary or permanent repercussions as determined by other members of the project’s leadership.

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